Zum Verständnis der Herzkonstitution. Teil 1: Die dreigliedrige Struktur und Funktion des Herzens

Helmut Kiene
Article-ID: DMS-21263-DE
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14271/DMS-21263-DE

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Hintergrund und Fragestellung: Nach gegenwärtigem Forschungsstand hat das Herz eine Druckfunktion und eine Saugfunktion. Angesichts der einheitlichen Richtung der Blutströmung und der polaren Dualität von Druck und Sog stellte sich die Frage, wie diese Dualität am Herz verschränkt ist und ob es eine dreigliedrige Konstitution des Herzens gibt.

Methoden: Auf der Grundlage einer repräsentativen Auswahl der Forschungsliteratur wurden die strukturellen und funktionellen Zusammenhänge des Herzens analysiert.

Ergebnisse: Das Herz ist in verschiedenster Hinsicht dreigliedrig konstituiert, mit drei Funktionskammern, drei Hauptformen der Blutbewegung am Herz, drei Systolen, drei Diastolen, drei mechanischen Grundfunktionen (Druck-, Sog-, Schwingfunktion) und drei Kreislaufsystemen. Die dreigliedrige Konstitutionslogik des Herzens kann viele seiner strukturellen und funktionellen Phänomene erklären.

The constitution of the heart

Part 1: The threefold structure and function of the heart

Background and objectives: According to the present state of research, the heart exerts pressure as well as suction. Considering the one-sided direction of blood flow and the polar duality of pressure and suction, the question was raised how this duality is bridged by a middle element and whether there is a threefold structure of the heart.

Methods: Based on a representative selection of the research literature, the structural and functional aspects of the heart were analysed.

Results: The heart is constituted in a threefold manner in different ways, with three functional chambers, three major forms of blood movement, three systoles, three diastoles, three basic mechanical functions (pressure, suction, and swing function), and three systems of blood circulation. The threefold constitution of the heart can explain many of its structural and functional phenomena.

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